Cause: The primary cause of periodontal disease (periodontitis) is bacterial plaque. If plaque is not removed efficiently on a daily basis, it calcifies and becomes calculus, or tartar. Tartar is an irritant underneath the gum tissue and over time causes inflammation and bone loss around teeth. Other factors such as smoking, diabetes, and genetics may influence the severity and progression of periodontitis.
Signs & Symptoms: Symptoms of periodontal disease include abscesses, pain, bleeding gums, bad breath, loose teeth, and tooth loss.
Treatment: Treatment for periodontitis typically begins with deep cleanings completed under local anesthetic to ensure patient comfort. A re-evaluation of your condition is completed 4-6 weeks after treatment. Occasionaly, additional surgical treatment for periodontal disease may be necessary.