What is periodontal medicine? Periodontal medicine is the area of dentistry that treats non-bacterial plaque-induced conditions of periodontal tissues including manifestations of systemic diseases and syndromes. These syndromes often present with oral lesions and symptoms such as pain during brushing, spontaneous pain, burning, blisters and sloughing of the gingiva. Some of the common conditions encountered include systemic lupus erythematosus, pemphigus vulgaris, pemphigoid, lichen planus, and burning mouth syndrome.
What treatment is possible? Treatment begins conservatively with frequent recall visits to determine which therapeutic regimen is the most effective in reducing signs and symptoms. Many oral conditions associated with systemic conditions are not curable.
However, the combination of regular follow-up and medicinal intervention often provide dramatic relief. Commonly used medicines include, topical or systemic steroids, and topical anesthetic for symptomatic management.